How to Find Your Vocal Range

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how to find your vocal range

Have you ever been captivated by the soaring melodies of your favorite singer and wondered how they hit those high notes so effortlessly? Or maybe you’ve tried to belt out a song and found that you can’t reach the same notes? 

It all comes down to the vocal range. 

Your vocal range refers to the span of notes you can comfortably and confidently sing, from the lowest to the highest pitch. It is a fundamental aspect of singing that determines your unique sound and the types of songs that suit your voice. Knowing your vocal range empowers you to choose the right songs, hit the correct notes, and make the most of your vocal abilities.

What are the Most Common Vocal Ranges?

Before we dive into how to find your vocal range, let’s take a look at the six most common categories. These include:

Female vocal range

1. Soprano

Sopranos are known for their high-pitched and bright voices. They can comfortably sing in a higher register than other vocal range types and are often found in musical theater and opera performances.

Average soprano vocal range: B3 to C4

2. Mezzo-Soprano

Mezzo-sopranos have a slightly lower range than sopranos but still possess a strong and rich sound. They can transition between higher and lower registers with ease, making them versatile performers in various genres.

Average mezzo-soprano vocal range: G3 to A5

3. Contralto

Contraltos have the lowest vocal range among female singers. They have a rich and resonant tone, capable of reaching lower notes with power and depth. Contraltos are often sought after for their unique and expressive sound.

Average contralto vocal range: F below middle C to the second F above middle C

Male vocal range

4. Tenors

Tenors have a higher vocal range than other male singers. They are commonly found in musical theater, opera, and a cappella groups – performing songs that require great agility and range.

Average tenor vocal range: C3 to B4     

5. Baritones

Baritones have the broadest vocal range of all male singers. They are capable of hitting both high and low notes with great power and strength, creating a warm and resonant sound.

Average baritone vocal range: G2 to E4

6. Bass

The lowest vocal range among males, bass voices are able to project deep and powerful notes. They are often used as background vocals and can create a strong and resonant sound.

Average bass vocal range: The second E below middle C to the E above middle C

How to Find Your Vocal Range

Finding your vocal range

Now that you know the six most common vocal ranges, it’s time to figure out where yours falls. To find your vocal range, you’ll need to:

1. Locate a Piano or Keyboard

The easiest way to find your vocal range is by using a piano or keyboard. Having access to an instrument with keys will help you identify the notes you can comfortably sing. If you don’t have a piano or keyboard at home, you can use various online piano apps or virtual keyboards available online.

2. Warm Up Your Voice

Before you start exploring your vocal range, it’s important to warm up your voice. This helps prevent strain and injury and ensures that your vocal cords are ready for the exercise. You can warm up by doing some light humming, lip trills, or lip buzzing. Spend a few minutes warming up to prepare your voice for the range-finding process.

3. Find the Lowest Note You Can Sing

Once you’ve warmed up, start by singing the lowest note you can comfortably hit. Play a few notes on the piano, and then try to match it with your voice. Gradually work your way down the scale until you find the lowest note that is comfortable for you. This is the start of your vocal range.

Be sure to record the lowest note you hit so that you can use it as a reference later.

4. Find the Highest Note You Can Sing

Once you’ve identified the lowest note in your range, it’s time to find the highest. Start by singing a little higher than the lowest note and gradually work your way up. Continue until you can no longer comfortably hit a note- this is the end of your vocal range.

Again, make sure to record the highest note so that you can refer to it later.

5. Figure Out What Type of Range You Have

After identifying the highest and lowest notes in your range, it’s time to analyze the range itself. Take the two notes you recorded and try to find out how many octaves there are between them. This will give you an idea of the size of your vocal range and how much flexibility you have in terms of pitch.

You can also use this analysis to identify any areas where your voice may need improvement. If you find that your range is relatively small, for example, you may want to focus on exercises that help increase it.

Vocal range chart


Knowing your vocal range is an important part of being a successful singer. By following the steps outlined above, you can easily identify your vocal range and use it as a reference point for improving your singing skills.

Interested in singing lessons? Be Natural Music is here to help. We provide both in-person and virtual vocal classes for those at all skill levels. Our experienced instructors will work with you to develop your vocal range, refine your technique, and become the best singer you can be! 

Please contact us today to learn more.

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Matthew Pinck

Matt, fondly known as "Yoga Matt" on stage, has collectively studied music since the age of five and has been teaching in Santa Cruz County since 1998. Among his arsenal of music expertise are: guitar, vocals, composition, piano, electric bass and drums. His vast formal training has taken place in top schools, such as UC Santa Cruz, UC Berkeley, and Cabrillo College, eventually earning his Bachelors in Jazz Guitar from Skidmore College in New York.

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